Lapa, Estrela, Campo Ourique, Rato and Amoreiras

Built in 17th century, Lapa and Estrela, west of Bairro Alto, are home to diplomatic community and the wealthy neighborhoods. A walk on Rua Sacramento, Rua do Caetano or Rua do São Domingos demonstrates what Lisbon has to offer in the way of wealth and luxury. To get here, take tram No 28.

In the Largo do Sao Bento is Palácio da Assembleia da Republica, Portugal’s parliament. This 17th century building was once used as Benedictine Mosteiro de São Bento.

Further up Rua de São Bento is the former house of the greatest 20th-century fado singer, Amália. It is now the Casa-Museu Amália Rodrigues.

At the top of the Calçada is 18th century Basílica da Estrela, one of the Lisbon’s most beloved landmarks. Estrela is the area around Basílica da Estrela. Across the road is the Jardim da Estrela. This lovely garden has a large playground and a café that serves as a pit stop.

Beyond the roundabout at its eastern end is Museu João de Deus. This museum strikes visitors’ attention with its art nouveau building and is interesting for its 19th-century paintings. On the other side of the road lies Cemitério Inglês. Founded in 1717, it contains the remains of Henry Fielding (author of “Tom Jones”) and other expats. The area has also other relevance to British expat community. Estrela-Hall is home to the English-language theater group, the Lisbon Players. On the corner is Hospital Inglês.

To the south of Estrela is Lapa. Here is the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga. Hosted in a 17th-century palace, the museum exhibits an amazing European art collection along with some Portuguese and Asian works.

The district above Estrela is Campo de Ouirique where Fernando Pessoa spent the last 15 years of his life. His house Casa Fernando Pessoa, one of Lisbon’s small cultural activities, can be visited on Rua Coelho da Rocha. Another attraction in this district with its lonely cypresses is Prazeres, the enormous municipality cemetery.

The north end of Campo de Ourique is Amoreiras/Campolide, the business district. The biggest attraction is the Amoreiras towers. Designed by architect Tomas Taveira in 1980s, it was to provide a skyline counterbalance with Castelo de Sao Jorge. Although most feels he missed it, the towers are still there and Amoreiras is one of the most popular shopping malls in Lisbon.

Down the Rua das Amoreiras and above Largo do Rato, you can relax in the lovely Jardim das Amoreiras, situated under the arches at the end of Aqueduto das Águas Livres.

Across the street is the Fundação Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva. Located in the former silk and textile workshop, it displays a permanent collection of Maria Helena Vieira da Silva and her husband Arpad Szenes.

The surrounding neighborhood was built as an industrial park in 18th-century which is why all the street names in this region are named after factories such as Travessa da Fábrica da Seda (Silk Factory Way) and Travessa da Fábrica dos Pentes (Comb Factory Way).